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  • Igor Khrapunov. THE TAURIANS. Храпунов И.Н. Тавры

    Опубликовано 11 Сен 2018 admin Отзывов нет

    ESSAYS ON THE ARCHAEOLOGY ANDANCIENT HISTORY OF THE BLACK SEA LITTORAL

    The Taurians begin and end as a people in the Crimea, and they never ventured beyond
    it. Using Herodotus as his main source, this paper presents the geography and customs
    of this group, and adds some brief description of their perception as barbarians or
    exotics in later Graeco-Roman authors.

    Epigraphy provides little help: only a few
    references to the land and people of the Taurians are to be found, despite their ranging
    from the 5th century BC to the 1st century AD. No traces of the Taurian language
    survive, thus leading to all manner of hypotheses about their origins. The paper gives an
    overview of archaeological research in the Taurians’ lands prior to focusing on the most
    important settlements (Shpil, Kizil-Koba). It concludes that the Taurians were an people
    shaped by the consolidation of tribes living in the Crimean foothill area in the Late
    Bronze Age, and divides the Taurians in the 6th and 5th centuries BC into two subethnic
    groups. In the 4th century BC, there was a back flow of the population and a new
    consolidation of the Taurian people (s) against the background of a settled farming and
    cattle-breeding economy, until they were gradually assimilated by the Scythians.

    The Taurians begin and end as a people in the Crimea, and they never ventured beyondit. Using Herodotus as his main source, this paper presents the geography and customsof this group, and adds some brief description of their perception as barbarians orexotics in later Graeco-Roman authors. Epigraphy provides little help: only a fewreferences to the land and people of the Taurians are to be found, despite their rangingfrom the 5th century BC to the 1st century AD. No traces of the Taurian languagesurvive, thus leading to all manner of hypotheses about their origins. The paper gives anoverview of archaeological research in the Taurians’ lands prior to focusing on the mostimportant settlements (Shpil, Kizil-Koba). It concludes that the Taurians were an peopleshaped by the consolidation of tribes living in the Crimean foothill area in the LateBronze Age, and divides the Taurians in the 6th and 5th centuries BC into two subethnicgroups. In the 4th century BC, there was a back flow of the population and a newconsolidation of the Taurian people (s) against the background of a settled farming andcattle-breeding economy, until they were gradually assimilated by the Scythians.

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